Let me back-up a bit here. The history of aboriginal peoples in Canada is a very long one. Aboriginal peoples have been in Canada since the dawn of time.
Canada as a country has a fairly short history, much of that trying to prevent the Americans from taking over. Canada was first settled by Vikings on its east coast in A.D. 1000. Many of those early settlements have been excavated and explored, leading to new discoveries about Viking travel and culture.
Canada was further explored in the fifteenth century by French and British Explorers. France had colonies in Canada but those were ceded to Britain in the 1700’s. However, the French culture remained and thrived and can now be found within the French province of Quebec.
Canada was created as a federal dominion and shook off its colonial status in 1867 under the British North America Act. This first dominion consisted of four provinces, with six other provinces added later over time, along with three territories. The last province to join Canada (and leave its British rulers) was Newfoundland in 1949.
If you had to pick one sport that Canada is known for, I’m guessing you would say hockey, right?
Hockey is a major part of Canadian sports and culture, and it is played in every city and small town across the country, from recreational to professional levels.
However, hockey is not the official sport of Canada. The official sport of our country is lacrosse. Lacrosse is a bit of an unusual sport that uses sticks with nets on the end used to throw and catch a very hard rubber ball. It is played on a hard surface (not ice) and is a fast, exciting, and often very rough game.
Cultural elements of Canada that are well-known include maple syrup, which is drawn from the sap of maple trees, primarily in Quebec and Ontario but also from other provinces.
Perhaps less known are “beaver tails” which are deep fried pastries that resemble a beaver tail and are served with brown sugar or syrup.
The major cities of Canada (from West to East) are Vancouver (British Columbia), Edmonton, Calgary (Alberta), Saskatoon (Saskatchewan), Winnipeg (Manitoba), Toronto, Ottawa (Ontario), Montreal (Quebec), Fredericton (New Brunswick), Charlottetown (Prince Edward Island), Halifax (Nova Scotia), St. John’s (Newfoundland). I’ll discuss each city in more detail in future.